Case 3638 Saturnia canningi Hutton, 1859 (currently Samia canningi; Insecta, Lepidoptera, SATURNIIDAE): proposed conservation

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2013
Authors:Peigler, RS, Luikham, R
Journal:Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature
Start Page:229
Date Published:12/2013
Type of Article:Case
Keywords:endi silk, eri silkmoth, India, Nomenclature, Samia, Samia canningi, Samia ricini, taxonomy, wild silk

The purpose of this application, under Article 81 of the Code, is to conserve
the name Saturnia canningi Hutton, 1859, the progenitor of Samia ricini (Jones,
1791). The eri silk moth (Samia ricini) is the third largest source of silk in world
commerce. The Himalayan Samia canningi has been demonstrated to be the wild
progenitor of S. ricini, which exists only in captivity. Therefore, the two names refer
to the same biological species, but the name Phalaena ricini Jones, 1791 has
precedence over Saturnia canningi Hutton, 1859. However, both names have been
used widely and consistently by authors in the entomological and sericultural
literature for over 150 years to refer to the domesticated and wild entities,
respectively. The authors propose that the name Saturnia canningi be conserved and
added to the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology, so that it can continue to be
used when referring to the wild form.

Taxonomic Group(s): 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith