Case 3402: PHOTININI LeConte, 1881 (Insecta, Coleoptera) and PHOTININAE Giglio-Tos, 1915 (Insecta, Mantodea): proposed resolution of homonymy between family-group names

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2007
Authors:G. J. Svenson, Branham M. A.
Journal:Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature
Start Page:243
Date Published:12/2007
Type of Article:Case
Keywords:Coleoptera, fireflies, Insecta, LAMPYRIDAE, lightning bugs, Mantodea, Nomenclature, Photina, Photina vitrea, PHOTINAINAE, PHOTINAINI, PHOTININAE, PHOTININI, Photinus, Photinus pallens, praying mantises, taxonomy

The purpose of this application, under Articles 23.9.5, 29,,55.3.1 and 70.2 of the Code, is to remove the homonymy between the beetle family-group name PHOTININI LeConte, 1881 (type genus Photinus Laporte, 1833) and the mantis family-group name PHOTININAE Giglio-Tos, 1915 (type genus Photina Burmeister, 1838). It is proposed that the stem of Photina Burmeister, 1838 be changed from PHOTIN- to PHOTINA- so that the tribe name will be emended to PHOTINAINI Giglio-Tos, 1915 and the subfamily name to PHOTINAINAE Giglio-Tos, 1915. The family-group names PHOTININI and PHOTININAE have a complex nomenclatural history due to a misspelled name of the type species, overlooked type species designation, homonymy and synonymy. The name Lampyris pallens Fabricius, 1798, has been used for the type species of the genus Photinus Laporte, 1833 in most modern taxonomic treatments of LAMPYRIDAE. However this is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Lampyris pullens Fabricius, 1798, which has never been used since it was established. There was an earlier and overlooked designation of Lampyris diaphana Germar, 1824 (currently Cratomorphus diaphanus) as the type species of Photinus Laporte, 1833, which renders Cratomorphus Motschulsky, 1853 a subjective junior synonym of Photinus Laporte, 1833. It is proposed that the spelling Lampyris pallens be deemed correct and all previous type fixations for Photinus Laporte, 1833 before that of Lampyris pullens Fabricius, 1798 by Fleutiaux et al. (1947) be set aside. Mantis vitrea Burmeister, 1838 (currently Photina vitrea Burmeister) has been designated as the type species of the genus Photina Burmeister, 1838. However it is a junior primary homonym of Mantis vitrea Stoll, 1813 (a junior subjective synonym of Hierodula venosa Olivier, 1792). It is proposed to rule that the name Mantis vitrea Burmeister, 1838 is not invalid by reason of its being a junior primary homonym of Mantis vitrea Stoll, 1813.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith