Drosophila Fallén, 1823 (Insecta, Diptera): proposed conservation of usage

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2007
Authors:K. van der Linde, Bächli, G. , Toda, M. J. , Zhang, W. - X. , Hu, Y. - G. , Spicer, G. S.
Journal:Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature
Start Page:238
Date Published:12/2007
Type of Article:Case
Keywords:Drosophila, Drosophila funebris, Drosophila melanogaster, DROSOPHILIDAE, fruit flies, Nomenclature, Sophophora, taxonomy

The purpose of this application, under Article 70.2 of the Code, is to conserve the current usage of the widely used name Drosophila Fallén, 1823 (a genus of flies widely used in biological research, particularly in genetics and developmental biology) by the designation of Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830 as the type species of Drosophila. Detailed phylogenetic studies show that the genus Drosophila as currently defined is paraphyletic. Splitting the genus requires that the subgenus Sophophora Sturtevant, 1939 must be ranked as a separate genus. The type species of Sophophora is by original designation Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830. Ranking Sophophora as a genus and changing the name of Drosophila melanogaster to Sophophora melanogaster would result in major nomenclatural instability due to the breadth and vast number of publications, using this combination. In addition, many refer to ‘Drosophila’ when ‘Drosophila melanogaster’ is actually meant; the two names are used interchangeably. It is therefore proposed that Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830 is designated as the type species of Drosophila.

Taxonomic Group(s): 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith